PMID: 3701606Mar 1, 1986

Apparent dose dependency of the hepatic (S)-acenocoumarol clearance in the rat: a study using open liver biopsies

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
M J DaemenH H Thijssen

Abstract

Saturable hepatic uptake processes may account for the apparent dose-dependent clearance of 4-hydroxycoumarins. We investigated the dose dependent clearance and dose dependent liver distribution of the (S)-enantiomer of acenocoumarol (4-hydroxy-3-[1-4-nitrophenyl)-3-oxobutyl]coumarin) in the rat applying the in situ liver biopsy technique. The drug was administered by constant-rate infusion. At infusion rates below 0.6 microgram/min, blood clearance appeared to be dose dependent, i.e., clearance of (S)-acenocoumarol declined gradually from 6.5 mL/min at a 0.15 microgram/min infusion rate to 3.9 mL/min at a 0.6 micrograms/min infusion rate. From 0.6 microgram/min up to the highest input tested, i.e., 15 micrograms/min, clearance was almost constant, 3.5 mL/min. At low infusion rates the steady-state liver concentration of (S)-acenocoumarol rose steeply in a convex way with infusion. Scatchard analysis of steady-state liver concentrations in relation to steady-state blood concentrations revealed a hepatic binding site for (S)-acenocoumarol, exhibiting a capacity of 1.4 microgram/g of liver tissue.

References

Feb 1, 1980·AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology·J ZornozaJ Lukeman

Citations

Nov 6, 1991·Biochemical Pharmacology·H H Thijssen, L G Baars
Aug 1, 1997·Pathology·P L CmielewskiP M Hall
Apr 1, 1989·Biochemical Pharmacology·H H Thijssen, L G Baars
Dec 18, 2001·Journal of Applied Physiology·Victoria Matas BonjornJean-Marc Lavoie

Related Concepts

Synthrom
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Liver
August Rats
Molecular Stereochemistry

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.