Jan 1, 2010

Application of antibiotics in vulnerable groups

Medicinski pregled
Vesna TurkulovGrozdana Canak

Abstract

Antibiotics are substances that possess bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect. Their administration is widespread in the treatment as well as in the prevention of many infections in general population, and especially in vulnerable groups. Respiratory and urinary infections are the most common infections in the elderly. The initial empirical antibiotic therapy of pneumonia in older patients is directed to possible causative agents. Doxicicline is most frequently applied in ambulatory patients, followed by macrolides (azithromycin), fluorochinolone and amoxicillin with clavulanic acid. In the hospitalized patients, a wide spectrum of cephalosporins with macrolides is applied, as well as beta-lactamase inhibitors combined with macrolides or fluorochinolone only. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, a very common phenomenon in the elderly, is usually not treated. The antibiotic therapy of urinary infection in the older population is applied according to the causative agent. Polymicrobial infections occur in 30% of the patients, more often in those with urinary catheter. The wide spectrum antibiotics, especially cotrimoxazole and chinolone are applied in such cases. In the HIV infected and AIDS suffering patients, antibiotics are used as a mea...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Azithromycin
Beta Lactamase Inhibitors [MoA]
Asymptomatic Bacteriuria
Antibiotic throat preparations
Macrolide Antibiotics
Coinfection
Antifungal Antibiotics, Topical
Urinary Tract Infection
Cephalosporins
Antibiotics, Gynecological

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Antifungals (ASM)

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

Beta-lactamase Inhibitors (ASM)

Beta-lactamase inhibitors are a class of antibiotics that inhibit beta-lactamases, a family of enzymes involved in bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Here is the latest research.

Beta-lactamase Inhibitors

Beta-lactamase inhibitors are a class of antibiotics that inhibit beta-lactamases, a family of enzymes involved in bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Here is the latest research.

Antifungals

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.