May 30, 2019

Applications of deep learning for the analysis of medical data

Archives of Pharmacal Research
Hyun-Jong Jang, Kyung-Ok Cho

Abstract

Over the past decade, deep learning has demonstrated superior performances in solving many problems in various fields of medicine compared with other machine learning methods. To understand how deep learning has surpassed traditional machine learning techniques, in this review, we briefly explore the basic learning algorithms underlying deep learning. In addition, the procedures for building deep learning-based classifiers for seizure electroencephalograms and gastric tissue slides are described as examples to demonstrate the simplicity and effectiveness of deep learning applications. Finally, we review the clinical applications of deep learning in radiology, pathology, and drug discovery, where deep learning has been actively adopted. Considering the great advantages of deep learning techniques, deep learning will be increasingly and widely utilized in a wide variety of different areas in medicine in the coming decades.

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