Jun 4, 2019

Aptitude of Oxidative Enzymes for Treatment of Wastewater Pollutants: A Laccase Perspective

Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
John O UnuofinUchechukwu U Nwodo

Abstract

Natural water sources are very often contaminated by municipal wastewater discharges which contain either of xenobiotic pollutants and their sometimes more toxic degradation products, or both, which frustrates the universal millenium development goal of provision of the relatively scarce pristine freshwater to water-scarce and -stressed communities, in order to augment their socioeconomic well-being. Seeing that both regulatory measures, as regards the discharge limits of wastewater, and the query for efficient treatment methods remain unanswered, partially, the prospects of enzymatic treatment of wastewater is advisable. Therefore, a reconsideration was assigned to the possible capacity of oxidative enzymes and the respective challenges encountered during their applications in wastewater treatment, and ultimately, the prospects of laccase, a polyphenol oxidase that oxidizes aromatic and inorganic substrates with electron-donating groups in treatment aromatic contaminants of wastewater, in real wastewater situations, since it is assumed to be a vehicle for a greener community. Furthermore, the importance of laccase-driven catalysis toward maintaining mass-energy balance, hence minimizing environmental waste, was comprehensibly ...Continue Reading

  • References160
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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Laccase B
Oxidation
Landfill Leachate
Toxic Effect
Substrate Specificity
Enzyme Assays
Electron Microscopy
Catechol Oxidase
Catalysis
Water Treatment

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