Nov 30, 2011

Aquatic hyphomycete strains from metal-contaminated and reference streams might respond differently to future increase in temperature

Mycologia
Verónica FerreiraCristina Canhoto

Abstract

Aquatic hyphomycetes, a group of polyphyletic fungi, have been reported in streams contaminated with metals. This tolerance to metal contamination however can result in limited performance and limited ability to cope with additional environmental change. The predicted increase in water temperature, as a consequence of global warming, will have an additional effect on many streams. The sensitivity to temperature of strains of three aquatic hyphomycete species isolated from a metal-contaminated stream and an uncontaminated stream was assessed by determining their radial growth and activity (conidial production, oxygen consumption, mycelial biomass accumulation, fine particulate organic matter [FPOM] production, and microbial induced leaf mass loss) at 13 C (present water temperature in autumn) and at 18 C (predicted water temperature under global warming). Growth and reproductive activity generally were depressed for the strains isolated from the metal-contaminated stream when compared with those isolated from the unpolluted stream. These differences however were not translated into differences in FPOM production and leaf-litter mass loss, indicating that the strains isolated from the contaminated stream can decompose leaf litter...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Dioxygen
Conidia
Metals
Streams
Water Pollution, Chemical
Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome
Fungi
Hyphomycetes
Mycelium
Climate Change

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