Are consumer-directed home care beneficiaries satisfied? Evidence from Washington state

The Gerontologist
Joshua M WienerGalina Khatutsky


This study analyzed the effect of consumer-directed versus agency-directed home care on satisfaction with paid personal assistance services among Medicaid beneficiaries in Washington State. The study analyzed a survey of 513 Medicaid beneficiaries receiving home- and community-based services. As part of a larger study, we developed an 8-item Satisfaction With Paid Personal Assistance Scale as the measure of satisfaction. In predicting satisfaction with personal assistance services, we estimated an ordinary least squares regression model that was right-censored to account for the large percentage of respondents who were highly satisfied with their care. Among the older population, but not younger people with disabilities, beneficiaries receiving consumer-directed services were more satisfied than individuals receiving agency-directed care. There was no evidence that quality of care was less with consumer-directed services. In addition, overall satisfaction levels with paid home care were very high. This study supports the premise that consumer satisfaction, an important measure of quality, in consumer-directed home care is not inferior to that in agency-directed care. The positive effect of consumer direction for older people un...Continue Reading


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