Jun 24, 2014

High-Throughput 5′ UTR Engineering for Enhanced Protein Production in Non-Viral Gene Therapies

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
David MorrisonTimothy K Lu

Abstract

Despite significant clinical progress in cell and gene therapies, maximizing protein expression in order to enhance potency remains a major challenge. One approach to increase protein expression is by optimizing translation through the engineering of 5′ untranslated regions (5′ UTRs). Here, we developed a high-throughput strategy to design, screen, and optimize novel 5′UTRs that enhance protein expression from a strong human cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. We first identified naturally occurring 5′ UTRs with high translation efficiencies and used this information with in silico genetic algorithms to generate synthetic 5′ UTRs. A total of ~12,000 5′ UTRs were then screened using a recombinase-mediated integration strategy that greatly enhances the sensitivity of high-throughput screens by eliminating copy number and position effects that limit lentiviral approaches. Using this approach, we identified three synthetic 5′ UTRs that outperformed commonly used non-viral gene therapy plasmids in expressing protein payloads. Furthermore, combinatorial assembly of these 5′ UTRs enabled even higher protein expression than obtained with each individual 5′ UTR. In summary, we demonstrate that high-throughput screening of 5′ UTR libraries w...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Trees (plant)
Cell Culture Techniques
Phylogenetic Analysis
Laboratory Culture
Horizontal
Genotype Determination
Phenotype Determination
Biological Evolution

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