Area of exposure and treatment challenges of malaria in Eritrean migrants: a GeoSentinel analysis

Malaria Journal
Patricia SchlagenhaufPhilippe Gautret

Abstract

Recent reports highlight malaria as a frequent diagnosis in migrants who originate from Eritrea. A descriptive analysis of GeoSentinel cases of malaria in Eritrean migrants was done together with a literature review to elucidate key attributes of malaria in this group with a focus on possible areas of acquisition of malaria and treatment challenges. A total of 146 cases were identified from the GeoSentinel database from 1999 through September 2017, with a marked increase in 2014 and 2015. All patients originated from Eritrea and the main reporting GeoSentinel sites were in Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, Israel and Germany. The majority of patients (young adult males) were diagnosed with malaria following arrival in the host country. All patients had a possible exposure in Eritrea, but may have been exposed in documented transit countries including Ethiopia, Sudan and possibly Libya in detention centres. Most infections were due to Plasmodium vivax (84.2%), followed by Plasmodium falciparum (8.2%). Two patients were pregnant, and both had P. vivax malaria. Some 31% of the migrants reported having had malaria while in transit. The median time to onset of malaria symptoms post arrival in the host country was 39 days. Some 66% of pat...Continue Reading

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Citations

Feb 21, 2019·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Martin P GrobuschPatricia Schlagenhauf
Mar 13, 2020·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Johannes MischlingerMichael Ramharter
Feb 14, 2019·Euro Surveillance : Bulletin Européen Sur Les Maladies Transmissibles = European Communicable Disease Bulletin·Philippe GautretPatricia Schlagenhauf
Nov 29, 2020·Journal of Travel Medicine·Davidson H HamerMichael Libman

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
PCR

Software Mentioned

Scopus
OptiMal
GeoSentinel

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