Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase: biological characterization and functional role

General Pharmacology
M Y Zhu, A V Juorio


1. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase is the enzyme responsible for the decarboxylation step in both the catecholamine and the indolamine synthetic pathways. Immunological and molecular biological studies suggest that it is a single enzyme with one catalytic site but with different locations for attachment of the substrates. The enzyme is widely distributed in the brain and in peripheral tissues. 2. Recent investigations have shown that the enzyme is regulated by short term mechanisms that may involve activation of adenyl cyclase or protein kinase C. In addition, a long-term mechanism of activation by altered gene expression has also been suggested.


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