Jan 13, 1998

Arterial calcification and not lumen stenosis is highly correlated with atherosclerotic plaque burden in humans: a histologic study of 723 coronary artery segments using nondecalcifying methodology

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
G SangiorgiR S Schwartz

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate whether calcium deposition in the coronary arteries is related to atherosclerotic plaque burden and narrowing of the arterial lumen. Many studies have recently documented the feasibility of electron beam computed tomography to detect and quantify coronary artery calcification in patients. Although these studies suggest a general relation between calcification and severity of coronary artery disease, the value of coronary calcium in defining atherosclerotic plaque and coronary lumen narrowing is unclear. Previous pathologic comparisons have failed to detail such a relation in identical histologic sections. This finding may be due to atherosclerotic remodeling. A total of 37 nondecalcified coronary arteries were processed, sectioned at 3-mm intervals (723 sections) and evaluated by computer planimetry and densitometry. A significant relation between calcium area and plaque area was found on a per-heart basis (n = 13, r = 0.87, p < 0.0001), per-artery basis (left anterior descending coronary artery [LAD]: n = 13, r = 0.89, p < 0.0001; left circumflex coronary artery [LCx]: n = 11, r = 0.7, p < 0.001; right coronary artery [RCA]: n = 13, r = 0.89, p < 0.0001) and per-segment basis (n = 723, r = 0...Continue Reading

  • References37
  • Citations405

References

  • References37
  • Citations405

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Arterial System
Entire Lumen of Body System
Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Calcium
Coronary Artery Disease
Plaque, Amyloid
Arterial Calcification
Entire Right Coronary Artery
Entire Coronary Artery

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