PMID: 3320564Jan 1, 1987

Arterial effects of aldosterone and antimineralocorticoid compounds mechanism of action

Journal of Steroid Biochemistry
M Worcel, A M Moura


The aim of our work was to study the mechanism of action of aldosterone and antialdosterone compounds on Na+ and K+ fluxes in vascular smooth muscle. In the long term, regulation of salt metabolism depends on aldosterone effects on Na+, K+, H+ and H2O transport by the renal tubules. Furthermore, it has been shown that aldosterone modifies several epithelial transports, inducing a positive sodium balance. The chronic in vivo administration of aldosterone modifies transmembrane ionic fluxes in vascular smooth muscle. Garwitz and Jones suggested that aldosterone may enhance net Na+ transport through the stimulation of the sodium pump. The results obtained in our laboratory indicate that aldosterone has a direct stimulatory action on ouabain-dependent and on ouabain-independent Na efflux. Furthermore, the mineralocorticoid enhances passive K permeability, as well as the Na pump dependent K influx. Both effects are blocked by antimineralocorticoid compounds. Recent experiments have shown that vasopressin potentiates some of the in vivo effects of aldosterone.


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