Sep 23, 2008

Arterial hypertension due to altitude

Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift
Wolfgang DomejGünther Schwaberger

Abstract

The behavior of blood pressure under hypoxic conditions depends on individual factors, altitude and duration of stay at altitude. While most humans are normotensive at higher altitudes, a few will react with moderate hypertension or hypotension. Excessive elevation of arterial blood pressure is not even to be expected below 4,000 m. Rather, several weeks' stay at higher altitude will decrease systolic and diastolic blood pressure at rest as well as during physical exertion. A high-altitude treatment for rehabilitation purposes at moderate altitude may be recommended for patients with cardio-circulatory disorders. Improvements can last several months even after returning to accustomed altitudes. Furthermore, endurance-trained hypertensive patients with pharmacologically controlled arterial blood pressure might be able to participate in mountain treks without additional health risk.

  • References21
  • Citations3

References

  • References21
  • Citations3

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Diastolic Blood Pressure Measurement
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Cardiac rehabilitation
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Systole
Anoxemia
Hypertensive Disease
Antihypertensive Agents
Altitude
Blood Pressure

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