PMID: 7085740May 1, 1982Paper

Arterial thromboembolism of the upper extremity associated with the thoracic outlet syndrome

The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
H Haimovici


Acute arterial thromboembolism of the upper extremity associated with the thoracic outlet syndrome is much less frequent than the neurologic manifestations, but is a potential threat to the viability of the limb if not recognized in time. The thromboembolic process originates in a damaged subclavian artery as a result of its prolonged compression, usually by congenital, much more rarely, by acquired anomalies of anatomical structures at the thoracic outlet. Major embolic complications usually occur after months or years of episodal and repetitive microemboli. A comprehensive arteriographic evaluation of the entire arterial tree in addition to other tests is essential for diagnosis. Four patterns of arterial findings are described. The scope of the surgical treatment of these manifestations it twofold: (1) decompression of the subclavian artery and (2) repair of the arterial lesions, often with additional thoracic sympathectomy. Results of management of the arterial lesions are described in three groups, based mostly on a review of data from the literature. In recent years a more aggressive approach to these lesions appears to have resulted in better management of this complex entity. A case report will illustrate some the clini...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Upper Arm
Structure of Axillary Artery
Structure of Subclavian Artery
Neurologic Syndrome, Thoracic Outlet

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.