Arteriovenous difference of blood ammonia in uremic patients under hemodialysis

Artificial Organs
B AgroyannisK Chondros


In this study the ammonia concentration was determined in arterial and venous blood samples pre- and posthemodialysis (HD) in 18 uremic patients and in 18 health subjects (controls). The mean values (+/- SD) of ammonia in the arterial blood of uremic patients pre-HD were 98.32 +/- 26.55; post-HD, 63.18 +/- 17.09; and in control group patients, 72.37 +/- 10.09 micrograms/dl. In venous blood they were pre-HD, 71.70 +/- 20.68; post-HD, 58.05 +/- 16.73; and in control patients, 74.46 +/- 12.0 micrograms/dl. According to our findings, the ammonia concentration in the arterial blood of uremic patients pre-HD exceeds the normal limits and is significantly higher (p < 0.001) than that post-HD and that of control patients. The ammonia contents of venous blood pre- and post-HD ranges were within normal values, but the post-HD range was significantly lower than the pre-HD range (p < 0.05) and the control range (p < 0.01). Comparison between ammonia levels from arterial and venous blood showed significant and positive arteriovenous differences pre-HD (p < 0.001), which disappeared post-HD and were not observed in the control patients. In conclusion, uremic patients under HD present pre-HD high levels of ammonia in arterial blood with a sig...Continue Reading


Apr 1, 1976·Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental·O P Ganda, N B Ruderman
Mar 1, 1991·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·V FelipoS Grisolía
Oct 15, 1985·European Journal of Biochemistry·D Häussinger, W Gerok
Aug 1, 1985·Clinical Science·G DeferrariA Tizianello
Jul 1, 1996·Artificial Organs·J CordobaS Mujais

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