Arthropods on islands: colonization, speciation, and conservation

Annual Review of Entomology
Rosemary G Gillespie, George K Roderick


Islands have traditionally been considered to be any relatively small body of land completely surrounded by water. However, their primary biological characteristic, an extended period of isolation from a source of colonists, is common also to many situations on continents. Accordingly, theories and predictions developed for true islands have been applied to a huge array of systems, from rock pools, to single tree species in forests, to oceanic islands. Here, we examine the literature on islands in the broadest sense (i.e., whether surrounded by water or any other uninhabitable matrix) as it pertains to terrestrial arthropods. We categorize islands according to the features they share. The primary distinction between different island systems is "darwinian" islands (formed de novo) and "fragment" islands. In the former, the islands have never been in contact with the source of colonists and have abundant "empty" ecological niche space. On these islands, species numbers will initially increase through immigration, the rate depending on the degree of isolation. If isolation persists, over time species formation will result in "neo-endemics." When isolation is extreme, the ecological space will gradually be filled through speciation...Continue Reading


Mar 1, 1967·Journal of the American Podiatry Association·R H Gold
Feb 1, 1995·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·T W O'NeillA J Silman
May 22, 1995·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·L JosephA Hugall
Jun 29, 1996·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·H Hollocher
Jun 17, 1998·Molecular Ecology·George K Roderick, Rosemary G Gillespie
Oct 6, 1999·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Brent C EmersonGodfrey M Hewitt
Feb 17, 2000·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·I JuanGodfrey M Hewitt
Aug 11, 2000·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·K P JohnsonJ L Cherry
Sep 27, 2000·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·L L Knowles
Sep 1, 1990·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·H L CarsonE M Craddock
Jul 17, 1925·Science·H E Gregory
Jul 1, 1987·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Chris Simon
Jul 1, 1987·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·H L Carson
Jul 1, 1987·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·K Y Kaneshiro, C R Boake
Jul 1, 1990·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·H L Carson
Jun 1, 1996·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·R K DidhamA J Davis
Jan 1, 1978·Oecologia·Stanley H Faeth, Thomas C Kane
Feb 1, 1996·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Kerry L Shaw


Nov 15, 2003·Journal of Invertebrate Pathology·Amy G Vandergast, George K Roderick
Jun 30, 2004·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Brenden S Holland, Michael G Hadfield
Oct 16, 2003·Comptes rendus biologies·Stéphane Boyer, Colette Rivault
Dec 17, 2011·The Journal of Heredity·Andrea S SequeiraLázaro Roque Albelo
Sep 30, 2005·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Tadashi Fukami, David A Wardle
Apr 19, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Michael T MonaghanAlfried P Vogler
Oct 16, 2009·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·T NobreD K Aanen
May 26, 2012·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Prashant P Sharma, Gonzalo Giribet
Oct 11, 2005·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·M Alex SmithPaul D N Hebert
Apr 21, 2007·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Robert E Ricklefs, Eldredge Bermingham
Sep 11, 2008·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Julia GoldbergAdrian M Paterson
Sep 4, 2008·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Patrick SchmitzBernard Landry
Sep 4, 2008·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Philippe GrandcolasLouis Deharveng
Sep 11, 2008·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Rosemary G GillespieSara L Goodacre
Dec 8, 2005·Annual Review of Entomology·Karel Spitzer, Hugh V Danks
May 11, 2011·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Matjaž Kuntner, Ingi Agnarsson
Sep 13, 2012·BMC Evolutionary Biology·David C MarshallChris Simon
Aug 19, 2009·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Taehwan LeeDiarmaid O Foighil
Oct 17, 2007·Malaria Journal·Marta MorenoAgustín Benito
Jul 9, 2010·PloS One·Matthew C BrandleyHidetoshi Ota
Aug 8, 2013·PloS One·Pelayo AcevedoChristian Gortazar
Jan 28, 2014·PloS One·Julia GoldbergSteven A Trewick
Jan 28, 2014·PloS One·Ingi AgnarssonMatjaž Kuntner
Mar 20, 2009·Ecology·XiaoYong Chen, Fangliang He
Apr 25, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Juliano Sarmento CabralHolger Kreft
Nov 26, 2014·Viruses·Lark L CoffeyScott C Weaver
Dec 17, 2011·Science China. Life Sciences·XiaoYong ChenXin Tong
Apr 29, 2005·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Brent C Emerson, Pedro Oromí
Feb 9, 2005·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Evgueni V ZakharovFelix Ah Sperling
Aug 14, 2009·Molecular Ecology·Graham P Wallis, Steven A Trewick
Dec 23, 2003·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Diana M Percy
Jan 9, 2009·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Ruben H HelenoJane Memmott
Nov 9, 2006·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Menno SchilthuizenJaap J Vermeulen
Sep 29, 2011·Molecular Ecology·Jonathan M Waters
Jan 20, 2011·Molecular Ecology·Sean D SchovilleGeorge K Roderick
Nov 10, 2010·Molecular Ecology·Eli M Sarnat, Corrie S Moreau
Jan 22, 2014·The New Phytologist·Yohan PillonElizabeth A Stacy
Jun 21, 2015·The Journal of Heredity·Brandon R Jones, Steve Jordan
Oct 9, 2014·Journal of Plant Research·Patricio López-SepúlvedaTod F Stuessy
Oct 24, 2014·Annual Review of Entomology·Gonzalo Giribet, Prashant P Sharma
Jun 24, 2016·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jiaqi TanLin Jiang
Nov 23, 2006·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Hermans G Contreras-DíazCarlos Juan
Jul 20, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kerry L Shaw, Rosemary G Gillespie
Nov 26, 2009·Mycologia·Jonatan J Hernández RoaMatías J Cafaro
Aug 9, 2005·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Patrick Van RielThierry Backeljau
Apr 4, 2017·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Katherine L MoonCeridwen I Fraser
Apr 28, 2007·Systematic Biology·Jonathan M WatersChristopher P Burridge
Mar 22, 2014·Nature Communications·William P HainesD Rubinoff
Nov 25, 2003·Nature Reviews. Genetics·George K Roderick, Maria Navajas
Dec 24, 2010·Journal of Vector Ecology : Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology·Joana AlvesCarla A Sousa
Mar 11, 2015·Nature Communications·Anna TravesetRuben H Heleno
Jul 20, 2013·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·Akito Y Kawahara, D Rubinoff
Sep 24, 2019·Molecular Ecology·Graham A McCulloch, Jonathan M Waters
Nov 11, 2019·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Megan L Smith, Bryan C Carstens
Feb 27, 2015·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Rayna C BellKelly R Zamudio
Aug 31, 2018·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Chris A JohnsAkito Y Kawahara
Aug 7, 2009·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Delphine A AigoinAlain Vanderpoorten
Aug 14, 2019·Scientific Reports·Simon VeronRoseli Pellens
Jul 15, 2017·Scientific Reports·Lalit Kumar, Mahyat Shafapour Tehrany
Jan 10, 2018·Scientific Reports·Jens M OlesenAnna Traveset
Jan 26, 2020·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Sarah C Crews, Lauren A Esposito
Oct 15, 2013·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·D R Matute
Dec 9, 2020·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Rachel I Leihy, Steven L Chown

Methods Mentioned

lava tube

Related Concepts

Biological Evolution

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.