PMID: 38114Jun 1, 1979

Artifacts imitating aging of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in human erythrocytes

European Journal of Biochemistry
O BáczF B Straub


Data in the literature based on the technique of graded osomotic hemolysis have been re-evaluated. Differences were previously found in the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase/hemoglobin ratio and in the heat stability of the enzyme in hemolysates of 'old' and 'young' cells. These differences were believed to be due to the aging of the enzyme. As the erythrocyte membrane acts as a molecular sieve under hypotonic conditions [cf. Cseke, E., Váradi, A., Szabolcsi, G., and Biszku, E. (1978) FEBS Lett. 96, 15--18], the hemolysate obtained when a fraction is lysed does not properly represent the content of the lysed cells. As hemoglobin is lost from cells which are not yet lysed, the enzyme/hemoglobin ratio is underestimated in 'old' cells and overestimated in 'young' cells. It is further shown that the observed differences in the heat stability of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in the fractions obtained by graded hemolysis are due to the presence of different concentrations of endogeneous NADP. Therefore the published data obtained by graded osmotic hemolysis do not prove the assumption that the enzyme is aging during the lifetime of the erythrocyte.

Related Concepts

Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Protein Denaturation

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