Artificial insemination in the mouse with special reference to the effect of sperm numbers on the conception rate and litter size (author's transl)

Jikken dobutsu. Experimental animals
T Takeshima, Y Toyoda


Mature female mice (ICR-JCL), 8 to 12 weeks of age, were artificially inseminated at 8:30-9:30 a. m. on the day of estrus vaginal smear (about 3-7 hr after ovulation) with 3.18 X 10(6), 1.83 X 10(6) and 1.15 X 10(6) sperms from four, two and one cauda epididymidis, respectively, of adult males which were suspended in 50 microliter of a modified Krebs-Ringer-bicarbonate solution and incubated at 37 degrees C was under 5% CO2 in air for an hour. Immediately after insemination, pseudopregnancy induced by an artificial penis and a vaginal tampon. Out of 13 females inseminated with 3.18 X 10(6) sperms, 9 females showed placental signs and 8 of them gave birth to the mean 10.5+/-2.20 (M+/-S.D.) young at term. Four of 13 females having received 1.83 X 10(6) sperms became pregnant giving birth to the mean 4.3+/-2.1 (M+/-S.D.) young at term. On the other hand, 5 out of 6 females failed to become pregnant following insemination with 1.15 X 10(6) sperms, and only one showed a placental sign and gave birth to twelve young at term. It is concluded that the conception rate and litter size are both dependent on the number of sperms inseminated and that more than 3 X 10(6) sperms are necessary to get the conception rate and the litter size com...Continue Reading


Apr 19, 2019·Reproductive Medicine and Biology·Konosuke Okada, Atsuko Kageyama

Related Concepts

Cell Density
Polyspermic Fertilization
Artificial Insemination
Litter Size
Y-Chromosome-Bearing Sperm

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