PMID: 241681Aug 1, 1975

Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in liver nuclei of C3H/He and DBA/2 mice

Gann = Gan
M WatanabeK Konno

Abstract

Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in liver nuclei from C3H/He mice is apparently increased by the administration of 3-methylcholanthrene, but the enzyme activity from the DBA/2 mice is not. On the other hand, by treatment of the mice with phenobarbital sodium, the increased activity in liver nuclei was observed in both strains of mice. There are approximately the same levels of the apparent Km for benzo[alpha]pyrene in liver nuclei from both strains of mice even after treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene, but different Km values for NADPH and NADH are observed between the constitutive and induced enzyme, showing 0.032 and 0.091 mM for NADPH, and 0.303 and 1.67 mM for NADH, respectively. Both 5, 6- and 7, 8-benzoflavones enhance the activity in the constitutive enzyme, but inhibit it in the induced enzyme non-competitively. Nicotinamide inhibits both enzyme activities in liver nuclei. Cyclohexene oxide and 1, 1, 1-trichloropropane oxide enhance the activity in the induced enzyme, but not in the constitutive enzyme in liver nuclei. The differences in the properties between the contitutive and induced enzymes and between the enzymes in microsomes and in nuclei from mouse liver were discussed briefly.

Related Concepts

Xenobiotic Monooxygenases
Benzpyrene
Cell Nucleus
Cyclohexanes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
9,10-Epoxypalmitic Acid Hydrase
Bioflavonoids
Glucosephosphatase
Liver
Methylcholanthrene

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