PMID: 7993026Jan 1, 1994Paper

Ascites after liver transplantation in children

Annales de radiologie
B DoussetY Chapuis


The objective of this study, based on a series of 148 transplants performed in 131 children, was to evaluate the frequency, complications and predisposing factors of ascites occurring after liver transplantation (LT). The diagnosis of post-LT ascites was defined as a drainage rate greater than 25 ml/kg/day (or- > 500 ml/day) persisting for at least 72 hours after removal of the drains. Among the 123 transplants analysed, 31 (25.2%) were complicated by ascites (group I). Group II consisted of 92 LT without ascites. This ascites was predominantly lymphocytic (669 +/- 1,104/mm3), rich in proteins (32 +/- 13 g/l), with a low triglyceride concentration. The mean duration of ascites was 25 +/- 19 days. Complications of ascites included: infection of ascitic liquid (35%), respiratory complications (65%), parietal complications (50%), consumption coagulopathy (35%), functional renal failure (Creat > 130 mumol/l, 35%). There were 9 deaths (29%) in group I versus 8 in group II (p < 0.02). The predictive factors, pre-LT, of postoperative ascites included: serum bilirubin > 300 mumol/l (p < 0.02); PT < 30% (p < 0.05); and serum albumin < 30 g/l (p < 0.05). Intraoperative factors favouring the development of ascites were end-to-side cavo-ca...Continue Reading

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