Oct 23, 2010

ASNA-1 activity modulates sensitivity to cisplatin

Cancer Research
Oskar HemmingssonPeter Naredi

Abstract

Cancer can be cured by platinum-based chemotherapy, but resistance is a major cause of treatment failure. Here we present the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a model to study interactions between the platinum drug cisplatin and signaling pathways in vivo. Null mutation in a single gene, asna-1, makes worms hypersensitive to cisplatin. The metalloregulated ATPase ASNA-1 promotes insulin secretion and membrane insertion of tail-anchored proteins. Using structural data from ASNA-1 homologues, we identify specific ASNA-1 mutants that are sensitive to cisplatin while still able to promote insulin signaling. Mutational analysis reveals that hypersensitivity of ASNA-1 mutants to cisplatin remains in absence of CEP-1/p53 or apoptosis. Human ASNA1 can substitute for the worm gene, indicating a conserved function. Cisplatin sensitivity is not affected by decreased insulin signaling in wild-type nematodes or restored insulin signaling in asna-1 mutants. These findings provide a functional insight into ASNA-1, demonstrate that C. elegans can be used to characterize cisplatin resistance mechanisms, and suggest that rationally designed drugs against ASNA-1 can sensitize cancer cells to cisplatin.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcinus elegans
Cyartonema elegans
Coleonyx elegans
Biochemical Pathway
ASNA1 gene
Cestrum elegans
Clarkia unguiculata
Clathrulina elegans
Apoptosis, Intrinsic Pathway
Cardioglossa elegans

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