Aspects of sleep, daytime vigilance, mental performance and psychotropic drug treatment in the elderly

Gerontology
R Spiegel

Abstract

As people grow older, their subjective and objective sleep patterns change: sleep is often experienced as less deep, more broken, less refreshing - and these alterations find their objective correlate in polygraphic sleep recordings. Reductions in high amplitude slow wave sleep, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and sleep maintenance are the best documented of these. Besides, there are changes in the EEG pattern during sleep (fewer and slower sleep spindels, fewer K-complexes and other phasic events). Daytime EEG recordings in the elderly are characterized by slowing of the dominant alpha rhythm, diffuse or localized slow waves and reduced reactivity to stimuli. Only few studies, however, have addressed the question of how daytime EEG alterations are related to changes of the sleep polygram, and how these electrophysiological parameters relate to measures of mental performance which also undergo changes with aging. A review of published results and data from our own studies suggest that, within the non-pathological range, few correlations exist between polygraphic sleep, daytime EEG and mental performance data if age as an independent factor is kept constant. The only relations that were significant in some of the studies had oppo...Continue Reading

Citations

Mar 20, 1998·Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·A A NomeirM N Cayen
Nov 21, 1983·Brain Research·W A Van Gool, M Mirmiran
Oct 6, 2000·Controlled Clinical Trials·R T AndersonJ S McBride
Oct 19, 2010·Consciousness and Cognition·Hans J Markowitsch, Angelica Staniloiu
Dec 1, 1990·Journal of Gerontological Nursing·M E AllenS Foss
Jan 1, 1989·International Journal of Aging & Human Development·K E Cherry, M R Morton

Related Concepts

Senility
Mental Concentration
Cognition
Electroencephalogram
Psychotropic Drugs
Sleep, Slow-Wave

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