Assay of azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine and a novel thiopurine metabolite in human plasma

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
J L Maddocks

Abstract

1 A simple, specific assay for 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) in human plasma with a sensitivity of 10 ng/ml (66 nmol/1) has been developed. 2 6-MP was extracted directly from plasma into toluene using a novel extraction procedure. This involves conversion of 6-MP into a phenyl mercury derivative by its reaction with phenyl mercuric acetate in alkaline plasma and extracting into toluene. Back-extraction of the toluene layer with 0.1N HCl regenerates 6-MP, which is then oxidised to purine-6-sulphonate and assayed fluorimetrically. 3 This assay has been modified to measure azathioprine and a new thiopurine metabolite in plasma. 4 In a kidney transplant patient given azathioprine, 50 mg i.v., conversion to 6-MP was rapid and the plasma half-life of 6-MP was 36 min. 5 These assays are suitable for studying the pharmacokinetics of azathioprine in patients with kidney transplants. The 6-MP assay should also prove useful for studying the pharmacokinetics of the drug in patients with leukaemia.

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Related Concepts

Human plasma
Transplanted Kidney
Mercury
Base
Phenylmercuric Acetate
Mercaptopurine
Phenyl
Azathioprine
Uremia
Hydrochloric Acid

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