DOI: 10.1101/500868Dec 19, 2018Paper

Assembly of functionally antagonistic visual circuits for controlling pupil dynamics

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Onkar S DhandeAndrew D Huberman

Abstract

The functional attributes of parallel sensory circuits are determined by the properties of the individual cell types that comprise them, and their connectivity. The mechanisms controlling the specification and establishment of parallel sensory pathways remain unclear. Here we report the non-uniform distribution of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) expressing the transcription factor Tbx20 in mice. Owing to their layout within the retina, Tbx20-RGCs are positioned to preferentially encode light information from dorsal visual space. We discovered that Tbx20 expression is mostly restricted to three RGC-types: M1 intrinsically photosensitive RGCs (ipRGCs), M2 ipRGCs and 'diving' RGCs. The axonal projections of Tbx20-RGCs innervate non-image-forming brain centers including the suprachiasmatic nucleus, the medial division of the posterior pretectal nucleus, and the olivary pretectal nucleus (OPN), a principal station in the neural pathway for generating the pupillary light reflex (PLR). Conditional deletion of Tbx20 resulted in reduced Tbx20-RGC axonal innervation of these targets and revealed a key role of these neurons in driving specific phases of the PLR. Furthermore, chemogenetic activation uncovered a novel role for a specific subs...Continue Reading

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