PMID: 7931748Jul 1, 1994Paper

Assessing the needs of women and clinicians for the management of menopause in an HMO

Journal of General Internal Medicine
W W LivingstonJ L Zazzali


To determine the perceived needs of perimenopausal women regarding the management of menopause and the resource needs of the clinicians who treat them. A large staff and group network model health maintenance organization (HMO) in New England. A random sample of 790 perimenopausal women aged 45-60 years who were members of the HMO in 1991, and a random sample of 180 clinicians in internal medicine, family practice, and obstetrics/gynecology practicing in the HMO during 1991. Mailed surveys of women and clinicians were designed to assess possible needs and attitudes that could lead to the improvement of care for menopausal women. The chi-square test was used to determine differences in perceived needs and satisfaction levels among women with differences in self-reported menopausal status. The Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance and the Mann-Whitney U test were used in the clinician survey to test for differences among specialties and between genders. The key findings include that: 1) most (81%) of the women wanted to see a woman clinician, 2) many (50%) were interested in a menopause support group, 3) 30% reported that their care for menopause had been fair to poor, 4) only 55% of the primary care specialists (including ...Continue Reading


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