Apr 16, 2013

Assessment of autonomic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes using reactive hyperemia

Journal of Theoretical Biology
Hsien-Tsai WuMen-Tzung Lo


It is known that aging and type 2 diabetes mellitus contribute to atherosclerosis and autonomic dysfunction. By using the air pressure sensing system (APSS), peak-peak intervals (PPIs) of wrist arterial waveforms from baseline and reactive hyperemia (RH) were obtained. Through frequency domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) and nonlinear Poincaré method, the HRV of healthy young individuals (Group 1, n=25), healthy upper middle-aged individuals (Group 2, n=22), and patients with type 2 diabetes (Group 3, n=28) were assessed. By using the standard deviation (SD) of the instantaneous PPI variability (SD1)/the SD of the long PPI variability (SD2) ratio (SSR), PPIs of the same individuals before and after RH induction were compared. Reduced SSR₁₋₁₀ was noted only in patients with diabetes. Moreover, a significient correlation between SSR₁₋₁₀ and endothelial function was observed in all subjects (r=0.290, p=0.033) after RH. However, no correlation with low-frequency to high-frequency power ratio (LHR) was noted before and after RH. In conclusion, according to our results, campared to the baseline, there were more significant changes of SSR₁₋₁₀ after RH in patients with diabetes; and, a significient correlation between SSR₁...Continue Reading

  • References48
  • Citations3


Mentioned in this Paper

Glycated Hemoglobin TEST
Autonomic Nervous System Disorders
Rh-Null, Regulator Type
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Peeling Skin Syndrome, Acral Type
Myoclonic Epilepsies, Progressive
Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor [EPC]
Reactive Hyperemia

Related Feeds

Antihypertensive Agents: Mechanisms of Action

Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.

Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes

Biomarkers can help understand chronic diseases and assist in risk prediction for prevention and early detection of diseases. Here is the latest research on biomarkers in type 2 diabetes, a disease in which the body is unable to produce or properly use insulin.

CV Disorders & Type 2 Diabetes

This feed focuses on the association of cardiovascular diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Cardiovascular Disease Pathophysiology

Cardiovascular disease involves several different processes that contribute to the pathological mechanism, including hyperglycemia, inflammation, atherosclerosis, hypertension and more. Vasculature stability plays a critical role in the development of the disease. Discover the latest research on cardiovascular disease pathophysiology here.