Jun 28, 2016

Assessment of carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide/ oxygen, isoflurane and pentobarbital killing methods in rats.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jessie Chisholm, Daniel S J Pang

Abstract

Background: Exposure to carbon dioxide (CO2) gas as a killing method is aversive and exposure to high concentrations likely to be painful. Bradycardia during exposure to CO2 is associated with nociception and pain. However, it is unclear if bradycardia occurs before loss of consciousness as this is variably defined in the literature. The objectives of this study were to explore the relationship between recumbency, loss of righting reflex (LORR) and a quiescent electromyograph as measures of loss of consciousness, and identify the onset of bradycardia in relation to these measures. Methods: Thirty-two adult, female Sprague-Dawley rats were instrumented with a telemetry device and randomly assigned to one of four killing methods (100% CO2, CO2 (70%)/O2 (30%), isoflurane (5%) and intraperitoneal pentobarbital (200 mg/kg). Time to achieve recumbency, LORR, quiescent electromyograph, isoelectric electrocorticograph, heart rate and apnea were recorded. Results: The general order of progression was recumbency, LORR, quiescent electromyograph, isoelectric electrocorticograph and apnea. Recumbency preceded LORR in the majority of animals (CO2; 7/8, CO2/O2; 8/8, isoflurane; 5/8, pentobarbital; 4/8). Bradycardia occurred before recumbency...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Bradycardia
Lorr's Inpatient Multidimensional Psychiatric Rating Scale
Electromyography
Evaluation
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Literature
Isoflurane
C2
Apnea

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