Sep 19, 2019

Assessment of various crosslinking agents on collagen/chitosan scaffolds for myocardial tissue engineering

Biomedical Materials
Yongcong FangWei Sun

Abstract

Suitable material for scaffolds that support cell attachment, proliferation, vascularization and contraction has always been a challenge in myocardial tissue engineering. Much research effort has been focused on natural polymers including collagen, gelatin, chitosan, fibrin, alginate, etc. Among them, a collagen/chitosan composite scaffold was widely used for myocardial tissue engineering. Due to the non-proliferative and contractile characteristics of cardiomyocytes, the biocompatibility and mechanical properties of the scaffolds are extremely important for supporting intercellular connection and tissue function for myocardial tissue engineering. To the best of our knowledge, the three crosslinking agents (glutaraldehyde (GTA), genipin (GP), tripolyphosphate (TPP)) have not yet been comparatively studied in myocardial tissue engineering. Thus, the aim of this study is to compare and identify the crosslinking effect of GTA, GP and TPP for myocardial tissue engineering. The collagen/chitosan scaffolds prepared with various crosslinking agents were fabricated and evaluated for physical characteristics, biocompatibility and contractile performance. All the groups of scaffolds exhibited high porosity (>65%) and good swelling ratio ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Research
Natural Products
Triphosphate
Contraction (Finding)
Myocardium
Evaluation
Cell Proliferation
Thiamine Pyrophosphate
Pathologic Neovascularization

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