Association between cerebral small vessel diseases and mild parkinsonian signs in the elderly with vascular risk factors

Parkinsonism & Related Disorders
Jun HatateHideki Mochizuki

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the association between mild parkinsonian signs (MPS), cerebral small-vessel disease (SVD), and total SVD burden in patients with vascular risk factors. We performed a cross-sectional study among 268 patients with vascular risk factors but without parkinsonism or dementia (71.0 ± 7.8 years, 63% male). MPS was evaluated via Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part III. Brain MRI was used to determine SVD (cerebral microbleeds [CMBs], lacunar infarctions [LIs], and white matter hyperintensities [WMH]). The presence of each SVD feature was indicated by the total SVD score. Logistic regression analyses were performed adjusting for age, sex, history of stroke, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. In a multivariate analysis, we found that the presence of CMBs, deep CMBs, mixed (in the basal ganglia and thalamus) LIs, periventricular hyperintensities (PVH), and deep WMH (DWMH), and total SVD score were significantly associated with MPS, whereas strictly lobar CMBs and other LIs (in strictly basal ganglia or strictly thalamus) were not. We also found a significant association between mixed LIs, PVH, DWMH and total SVD score and gait/balance function, between PVH and rigidity, and ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Prevalence Studies
Biological Markers
Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Questionnaire
Study
Muscle Rigidity
Cerebral Lobe
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive,1, Atypical
Blood Vessel
KCNJ13

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