Association Between Serum Cystatin C Level and Total Magnetic Resonance Imaging Burden of Cerebral Small Vessel Disease in Patients With Acute Lacunar Stroke

Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Song YangXianju Zhou

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD). However, the relationship between serum cystatin C (CysC) level, a highly sensitive marker of impaired kidney function, and cSVD has not been fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the association between serum CysC level and total burden of cSVD on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with acute lacunar stroke. A total of 210 patients with first-ever acute lacunar stroke occurring within 1 week after onset were included in this study. Serum CysC level, decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and proteinuria were used to evaluate kidney function. The combined effect of the markers of cSVD on MRI, including lacunar, white matter lesions, cerebral microbleeds, and enlarged perivascular spaces, were used to evaluate the comprehensive cSVD burden. There is a positive association between total cSVD burden and hypertension, low eGFR level, and serum CysC level. After adjustments for potential confounders by ordinal logistic regression, elevated levels of CysC as well as impaired eGFR and the presence of proteinuria were correlated with the burden of total cSVD (odds ratio [OR] 2.633, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2...Continue Reading

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