PMID: 11727687Apr 1, 1995Paper

Association of drug therapy with survival in cardiac arrest: limited role of advanced cardiac life support drugs

Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
I G StiellB N Weitzman


To generate hypotheses regarding the association of standard Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) drugs with human cardiac arrest survival. This observational cohort study was conducted over a two-year period in the wards, intensive care units, and EDs of two tertiary care hospitals. Included werc adult patients who suffered cardiac arrest either inside or outside the hospital and who required epinephrine according to standard ACLS guidelines. Six standard ACLS drugs (given while CPR was in progress) were assessed for association with survival from resuscitation to one hour and to hospital discharge by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. In the 529 patients studied, initial cardiac rhythm had no impact on the association between drug administration and survival. The time of drug administration (quartile of ACLS period) was associated with resuscitation for atropine (p < 0.05) and lidocaine (p < 0.01). The odds ratios (95% CIs) for successful resuscitation, after multivariate adjustment for potential confounders, were: a respiratory initiating cause, 3.7 (2.1 -6.4); each 5-minute increase in CPR-ACLS interval, 0.5 (0.4-0.7); each 5-minute duration of ACLS. 0.9 (()1.8- 1.0; atropine, 1.2 (1.0-1.3); bretylium...Continue Reading


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