PMID: 7472830Nov 1, 1995Paper

Association of hypertrophic maxillary frenulum with hypoplastic left heart syndrome

The Journal of Pediatrics
M A Lovell, N L McDaniel


We report a previously unrecognized association between a hypertrophic frenulum separating the alveolar portion of the maxillary palatine suture with hypoplastic left heart syndrome in one fetus and seven children. A hypertrophic frenulum was not found in 25 pediatric cardiology patients without hypoplastic left heart syndrome. This finding may provide a marker for suspecting hypoplastic left heart syndrome in the neonate.


Feb 1, 1987·American Journal of Diseases of Children·M Natowicz, R I Kelley
Oct 1, 1980·Journal of Medical Genetics·E O da SilvaS C de Albuquerque
Dec 22, 1993·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·M ChiavarelliL L Bailey


Dec 20, 2007·Pediatric Emergency Care·Jonathan David Thackeray
May 1, 2007·Archives of Disease in Childhood·S MaguireWelsh Child Protection Systematic Review Group
Jan 8, 2000·Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·B LurtzR P Cole

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