Association of hypertrophic maxillary frenulum with hypoplastic left heart syndrome
The Journal of Pediatrics
M A Lovell, N L McDaniel
We report a previously unrecognized association between a hypertrophic frenulum separating the alveolar portion of the maxillary palatine suture with hypoplastic left heart syndrome in one fetus and seven children. A hypertrophic frenulum was not found in 25 pediatric cardiology patients without hypoplastic left heart syndrome. This finding may provide a marker for suspecting hypoplastic left heart syndrome in the neonate.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.