Mar 6, 2016

Association of initial rhythm with neurologically favorable survival in non-shockable out-of-hospital cardiac arrest without a bystander witness or bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation

European Journal of Internal Medicine
Tatsuma FukudaNaoki Yahagi


Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has a predominantly non-shockable rhythm. Non-shockable rhythm, and the absence of a bystander witness or bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are associated with poor outcomes. However, the association between the type of non-shockable rhythm and outcomes is not well known. To examine the association between the initial rhythm and neurologically favorable outcomes after non-shockable OHCA without a bystander witness or bystander CPR. In a nationwide, population-based, cohort study, we analyzed 213,984 adult OHCA patients with a non-shockable rhythm who had neither a bystander witness nor bystander CPR. They were identified through the Japanese national OHCA registry data from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2010. The primary outcome was neurologically favorable survival. Among 213,984 patients, the initial rhythm was Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) in 31,179 patients (14.6%) and Asystole in 182,805 patients (85.4%). The neurological outcome was more favorable in PEA than in Asystole (1.4% vs. 0.2%, p<0.0001). After adjusting for age, sex, etiology of arrest, epinephrine administration, advanced airway management, time from call to contact with patient, and calendar year, PEA w...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

PEA Preparation
Incidence Studies
Logistic Regression
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Administration Procedure
Odds Ratio
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Epinephrine Measurement

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