Aug 29, 2003

Association of nasomaxillary asymmetry in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate and their parents

The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
Young-Jooh YoonS Kyrkanides

Abstract

It has been suggested previously that increased width of midfacial structures is associated with the development of palatal clefting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of transverse craniofacial asymmetry between children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and their parents. Specifically, we hypothesized that parental transverse craniofacial asymmetry is a risk factor associated with the development of asymmetry in children with UCLP. Retrospective cross-sectional investigation including affected children and their noncleft parents. A total of 64 children-parent sets of data (32 child-biological mother + 32 child-biological father) were included. Subject records included posteroanterior cephalometric radiographs obtained from 29 Costa Rican families with UCLP. The side of parental nasal asymmetry was significantly associated with the side of cleft in their children. For the majority of parents with children suffering from a left cleft, nasal width was larger on the left, compared with the right side. Similarly, in the majority of parents with children suffering from a right cleft, nasal width was larger on the right, compared with the left side. The results suggest that unilaterally increased nasoma...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations18

References

  • References20
  • Citations18

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
Family Health Status
Maxilla
Plain X-ray
Cleft Palate, Isolated
Craniometry
Step-parent
Maxillofacial Development
Cleft Palate With Cleft Lip
Cleft Lip

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