Aug 1, 2010

Association of Phytophthora cinnamomi with White Oak Decline in Southern Ohio

Plant Disease
Annemarie M NaglePierluigi Bonello


A decline syndrome and widespread mortality of mature white oak tree (Quercus alba) associated with wet and low-lying areas has been recently observed in southern Ohio forests. Previous studies have isolated Phytophthora cinnamomi from white oak rhizospheres. In 2008 and 2009, P. cinnamomi population densities in two healthy and two declining white oak stands at Scioto Trail State Forest were quantified and potential roles of three environmental drivers of Phytophthora spp.-induced decline were assessed: soil texture, soil moisture, and topography. Significantly higher P. cinnamomi propagule densities were found in declining stands in both years but propagule densities were not associated with soil moisture content. Trends in population densities were not correlated with soil moisture or topographic position within field sites. There was a positive, exponential relationship between overall P. cinnamomi population levels and soil moisture on a seasonal scale in 2008 but not 2009. Sites with greater soil clay content were associated with greater decline. Effects of P. cinnamomi inoculum and periodic flooding on root health of 1-year-old potted white oak trees grown in native soil mixes in the greenhouse were examined. Root system...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Phytophthora cinnamomi
Trees (plant)
Pharmacologic Substance
Impaired Cognition

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