Nov 16, 2019

Associations between family factors, childhood adversity, negative life events and child anxiety disorders: an exploratory study of diagnostic specificity

Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Jenny DraiseyCathy Creswell

Abstract

Chronic childhood adversity, negative life events, and anxiogenic parenting behaviours have all been implicated in the development and maintenance of childhood anxiety disorders. However, few studies have addressed whether these factors are associated with particular types of childhood anxiety disorders. The aims of this study were to investigate whether specific associations were obtained between specific types of childhood anxiety disorder - namely, social anxiety disorder (SOC), separation anxiety disorder (SEP) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) - and the nature of particular forms of psycho-social risk - namely, chronic childhood adversity, negative life events, and particular forms of parenting behaviours. Two-hundred and ten children (aged 7-12 years) who met diagnostic criteria for SOC, SEP or GAD and their primary caregivers completed questionnaire measures on chronic childhood adversity and negative life events. In addition, dyads participated in two laboratory-based assessments of parent-child interactions. We found little evidence for disorder specificity for chronic childhood adversity and negative life events, except in the case of separation anxiety disorder. Anxious children with separation anxiety were more...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Standard of Care
Study
Caregiver
Spinal Somatosensory Evoked Potential, Function
Evaluation
Experience
Therapeutic Exploratory Study
Social Fear
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Drug-induced Anxiety Disorder

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