Associations between impulsivity, risk behavior and HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis seroprevalence among female prisoners in Indonesia: A cross-sectional study

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rachel M ArendsArnt F A Schellekens

Abstract

HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis share common transmission routes of which primarily unsafe sexual contact and injecting drug use are important. Impulsivity is a major factor contributing to this transmission risk behavior, however comprehensive studies within female, prison, and Asian populations are scarce. This cross-sectional study aims to delineate the contributions of different aspects of impulsivity to transmission risk behavior, among female inmates living in a prison in Jakarta (N=214). The relationships between various aspects of impulsivity, risky behavior and seropositivity were tested using analyses of variance and logistic regression analyses. Motor impulsivity was related to alcohol use, reward-related impulsivity to drug use, and cognitive/goal-directed impulsivity to sexual risk behavior. Finally, goal-directed impulsivity was also directly associated with seropositivity. Specific aspects of impulsivity are associated with different types of risky behaviors in Indonesian female prisoners, what can be relevant for future studies on infection prevention strategies for such a population.

Related Concepts

Cognition
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B Virus
HIV Infections
Prisoners
Asians
Prophylactic Treatment
Logistic Regression
Hepatitis C virus

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