Asthma-associated polymorphisms in 17q21 influence cord blood ORMDL3 and GSDMA gene expression and IL-17 secretion

The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Anna LluisBianca Schaub

Abstract

In a genome-wide association study, genetic variants on chromosome 17q21 were strongly associated with childhood asthma and orosomucoid 1-like 3 (ORMDL3) gene expression. Regulation of the 17q21 locus and its immunologic relevance early in life have not been well characterized. We investigated the relation between polymorphisms and mRNA expression of 17q21 locus genes and their influence on T-cell subsets in cord blood. In 200 children of our cord blood study, 17q21 polymorphisms were genotyped by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Gene expression was assessed for ORMDL3; gasdermin A (GSDMA, alias GSDM1); gasdermin B (GSDMB, alias GSDML); Ikaros family zinc finger 3 (ZNFN1A3), zona pellucida binding protein 2 (ZPBP2); and proteasome (prosome, macropain) 26S subunit, non-ATPase, 3 (PSMD3), in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) and for ORMDL3 in peripheral blood (real-time RT-PCR). Mononuclear cells were assessed before and after microbial (lipid A/peptidoglycan), phytohemagglutinin, or allergen (Der p 1) stimulation. Regulatory T-associated markers (forkhead box protein 3, glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor, lymphocyte activation gene 3 mRNA expression) and T(h)2/T(h)1/T(h)17 cytokin...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Tagging SNP
CNOT8 gene
Genome-Wide Association Study
Immune System
ORMDL3 gene
Interleukin-17 Secretion
ORMDL3 protein, human
T-Lymphocyte
Mononuclear Cells
IKZF3 wt Allele

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