[Astrocytes in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis].

Nihon yakurigaku zasshi. Folia pharmacologica Japonica
Mika Takarada-Iemata, Osamu Hori

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), and is designated as an intractable disease in Japan. It is characterized by dissemination of plaque-like sclerosis in space and time, accompanied with various symptoms corresponding to the CNS lesion site. Typically, neurological symptoms chronically progress accompanied with relapses and remissions, and there is still no curative therapy. A number of studies using MS specimen and the animal MS model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) have shown that MS is an autoimmune disease that targets myelin sheath in the CNS. Autoreactive T cells and B cells play a central role in pathogenesis of MS. MS comprise relapsing-remitting MS and progressive MS, the latter accumulates clinical disability without relapse. Based on the importance of adaptive immunity, various disease-modifying drugs have been developed to treat relapsing-remitting MS. On the other hand, an effective treatment for progressive MS has not yet been established. Increasing evidence have been recognized glial cells as key components of MS immunopathology, in addition to innate immunity and adaptive immunity. However, molecular mechanisms of crosstalk betwe...Continue Reading

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