Dec 2, 2009

Asymmetric oxidation of giant vesicles triggers curvature-associated shape transition and permeabilization

Biophysical Journal
Julien Heuvingh, Stéphanie Bonneau

Abstract

Oxidation of unsaturated lipids is a fundamental process involved in cell bioenergetics as well as in cell death. Using giant unilamellar vesicles and a chlorin photosensitizer, we asymmetrically oxidized the outer or inner monolayers of lipid membranes. We observed different shape transitions such as oblate to prolate and budding, which are typical of membrane curvature modifications. The asymmetry of the shape transitions is in accordance with a lowered effective spontaneous curvature of the leaflet being targeted. We interpret this effect as a decrease in the preferred area of the targeted leaflet compared to the other, due to the secondary products of oxidation (cleaved-lipids). Permeabilization of giant vesicles by light-induced oxidation is observed after a lag and is characterized in relation with the photosensitizer concentration. We interpret permeabilization as the opening of a pore above a critical membrane tension, resulting from the budding of vesicles. The evolution of photosensitized giant vesicle lysis tension was measured and yields an estimation of the effective spontaneous curvature at lysis. Additionally photo-oxidation was shown to be fusogenic.

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Muscle Rigidity
Fluctuation
Ethanol
Tissue Membrane
Chlorin e6
Ethanol Measurement
Decompression Sickness
Unilamellar Vesicles
1,2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine

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