Dec 2, 2009

Asymmetric oxidation of giant vesicles triggers curvature-associated shape transition and permeabilization

Biophysical Journal
Julien Heuvingh, Stéphanie Bonneau


Oxidation of unsaturated lipids is a fundamental process involved in cell bioenergetics as well as in cell death. Using giant unilamellar vesicles and a chlorin photosensitizer, we asymmetrically oxidized the outer or inner monolayers of lipid membranes. We observed different shape transitions such as oblate to prolate and budding, which are typical of membrane curvature modifications. The asymmetry of the shape transitions is in accordance with a lowered effective spontaneous curvature of the leaflet being targeted. We interpret this effect as a decrease in the preferred area of the targeted leaflet compared to the other, due to the secondary products of oxidation (cleaved-lipids). Permeabilization of giant vesicles by light-induced oxidation is observed after a lag and is characterized in relation with the photosensitizer concentration. We interpret permeabilization as the opening of a pore above a critical membrane tension, resulting from the budding of vesicles. The evolution of photosensitized giant vesicle lysis tension was measured and yields an estimation of the effective spontaneous curvature at lysis. Additionally photo-oxidation was shown to be fusogenic.

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Muscle Rigidity
Tissue Membrane
Chlorin e6
Ethanol Measurement
Decompression Sickness
Unilamellar Vesicles

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Langmuir : the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Wilker CaetanoCarlos M Marques
Langmuir : the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Alina A PashkovskayaYuri N Antonenko
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Marina K KuimovaPeter R Ogilby
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved