Nov 4, 2019

ATP Binding Cassette Proteins ABCG37 and ABCG33 are required for potassium-independent cesium uptake in Arabidopsis roots

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Mohammad Arif AshrafAbidur Rahman

Abstract

Radiocesium, accumulated in the soil by nuclear accidents is a major environmental concern. The transport process of cesium (Cs+) is tightly linked to the indispensable plant nutrient potassium (K+) as they both belong to the group I alkali metal with similar chemical properties. Most of the transporters that had been characterized to date as Cs+ transporters are directly or indirectly linked to K+. Using a combinatorial approach of physiology, genetics, cell biology and root uptake assay, we identified two ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) proteins, ABCG37 and ABCG33 as facilitators of Cs+ influx. The gain-of-function mutant of ABCG37 (abcg37-1) showed hypersensitive response to Cs+-induced root growth inhibition, while the double knock out mutant of ABCG33 and ABCG37 (abcg33-1abcg37-2) showed resistance. Single loss-of-function mutant of ABCG33 and ABCG37 did not show any alteration in Cs+ response. Short term uptake experiment with radioactive Cs+ revealed reduced Cs+ uptake in abcg33-1abgc37-2 compared with wild type in presence or absence of K+. Potassium response and content were unaffected in the double mutant background confirming that Cs+ uptake by ABCG33 and ABCG37 is independent of K+. Collectively, this work identified two...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Knock-out
Uptake
Nuclear Protein
Metals
Cesium
Inhibition of Growth
Binding Protein
Potassium Ion
Membrane Transport Proteins

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