Jan 17, 2004

ATPase activity of non-ribosomal peptide synthetases

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Maja Pavela-VrancicH Von Döhren


Adenylation domains of non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) catalyse the formation of aminoacyl adenylates, and in addition synthesize mono- and dinucleoside polyphosphates. Here, we show that NRPS systems furthermore contain an ATPase activity in the range of up to 2 P(i)/min. The hydrolysis rate by apo-tyrocidine synthetase 1 (apo-TY1) is enhanced in the presence of non-cognate amino acid substrates, correlating well with their structural features and the diminishing adenylation efficiency. A comparative analysis of the functional relevance of an analogous sequence motif in P-type ATPases and adenylate kinases (AK) allowed a putative assignment of the invariant aspartate residue from the TGDLA(V)R(K) core sequence in NRPS as the Mg(2+) binding site. Less pronounced variations in ATPase activity are observed in domains with relaxed amino acid specificity of gramicidin S synthetase 2 (GS2) and delta-(L-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase (ACVS), known to produce a set of substitutional variants of the respective peptide product. These results disclose new perspectives about the mode of substrate selection by NRPS.

Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Gramicidin S
Gramicidin-S-synthetase 2
TycA protein, Brevibacillus parabrevis
Ligand Binding Domain
Substrate Specificity

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