Sep 1, 1977

Atrial defect size after Blalock-Hanlon atrioseptectomy

The American Journal of Cardiology
E B ClarkG C Rosenquist


In transposition of the great arteries, a Blalock-Hanlon closed atrial septectomy is performed to improve intracardiac mixing at the atrial level. Although the Blalock-Hanlon septectomy is a common surgical procedure in cyanotic congenital heart disease, it has not been adequately assessed pathologically. In 14 heart specimens from patients (aged 3 days to 19 years) with transposition of the great arteries and Blalock-Hanlon septectomy, the margins of the septectomy, fossa ovalis and atrial septum were identified. The total area of the septum and its defects was calculated using planimetry. The ratio of defect size to atrial septal area was expressed as percent communication, which ranged from 5 to 39 (mean 18) percent in eight specimens with intact limbus of the foramen ovale and 26 to 57 (mean 42) percent in six specimens in which the limbus had been excised. The finding that specimens in which the Blalock-Hanlon defect extended into the fossa ovalis had the largest total communication emphasizes that to obtain optimal bidirectional atrial mixing the surgeon should extend the Blalock-Hanlon procedure across the limbus into the foramen ovale.

  • References9
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Transposition of Great Vessels
Atrial Septal Defects
Right Atrial Structure
Perforation of Nasal Septum
Heart Diseases
Heart Septum

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Cardiovascular Diseases: Risk Factors

Cardiovascular disease is a significant health concern. Risk factors include hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia and smoking. Women who are postmenopausal are at an increased risk of heart disease. Here is the latest research for risk factors of cardiovascular disease.