PMID: 2462223Oct 1, 1988Paper

Atrial sensing to augment ventricular tachycardia detection by the automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator: a utility study

Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE
C D SchugerM H Lehmann


The triggering of automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) discharges by supraventricular tachycardias, despite the presence of a probability density function algorithm, remains a limitation of an otherwise highly effective device. We systematically investigated the diagnostic utility which theroretically could derive form the addition of atrial sensing capability to the AICD in 25 patients with 30 inducible sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardias (VTs) at clinically relevant rates (greater than or equal to 150 beats/min). Patients were included only if they were not taking medication capable of depressing ventriculoatrial (VA) conduction for at least 5 half-lives prior to electrophysiological testing. We tested the simple criterion for VT that ventricular cycle length (CL) be shorter than the atrial CL (not met in sinus or most other supraventricular tachycardias). Mean VT CL was 283 +/- 47 ms (range 210 to 370). In 25 (83%) VTs, the VT criterion was consistently satisfied. Of the five cases in which the criterion was not met, 1:1 VA conduction during VT was present in four, three of which initially manifested 2:1 VA conduction lasting from 14 to 28 s and therefore would have transiently fulfilled the VT ...Continue Reading


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