Attempts to Detect Agrobacterium tumefaciens DNA in Crown-Gall Tumor Tissue.

Plant Physiology
D J Merlo, J D Kemp


Primary and secondary crown gall tissue cultures were established from sunflower plants (Helianthus annuus, variety Mammoth Russian) wound-inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend) Conn strain B(6). Growth rates of tumor tissues and habituated healthy sunflower stem section tissues on basal medium lacking auxin and cytokinin were compared to those of healthy sunflower stem section tissue grown on the same medium with added phytohormones. No difference was detected in the thermal denaturation midpoints (74.8 C) and melting profiles in 25 mm sodium phosphate (pH 6.8), or the buoyant densities in cesium chloride equilibrium centrifugation (1.687 g cm(-3)), between deoxyribonucleic acids (DNAs) isolated from crude nuclear preparations of the four tissue types. No satellite DNA was observed in equilibrium centrifugation of unsheared plant DNAs.Heterologous DNA renaturation kinetic analyses were performed in 0.14 m sodium phosphate (pH 6.8) at 70 C. Thermal stability measurements of reassociated DNA revealed less than 1% of mismatched base pairs. Reannealing of sheared, denatured, radioactive A. tumefaciens B(6) DNA (molecular weight, 325,000 daltons) in the presence of a 5400-fold excess of sheared calf thymus, ...Continue Reading


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