Attenuation of alpha-adrenergic responsiveness in hypoxic SHR

Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. Part A, Theory and Practice
W N Henley, A Tucker


Chronic exposure to hypoxia reduces the severity of hypertension in SHR. This study explored the possibility that hypoxic moderation of spontaneous hypertension is caused by a decrease in vascular responsiveness. In vitro studies were conducted with thoracic aortic rings obtained from SHR and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats maintained under hypoxic (H; simulated altitude = 3658 m) and normoxic (N; laboratory altitude = 1520 m) conditions. Vessels were removed prior to the rapid development of hypertension (5 weeks of age; 3 days of altitude exposure), during the rapid hypertension-development stage (10 weeks of age; 5 weeks of altitude exposure), and during the established hypertension stage (18 to 20 weeks of age; 11 to 13 weeks of altitude exposure). Dose-response curves were obtained using a non-specific vasoconstrictor (KCl) and an alpha-adrenergic agonist, phenylephrine. At all ages, WKY vessels developed greater maximal contraction to vasoconstrictor stimuli, whereas vessels from the two older groups of SHR were more sensitive (more responsive at lower dosages) to KCl. Hypoxia caused significant (p less than 0.05) attenuation of the contractile responses to phenylephrine in young "pre-hypertensive" SHR, while similar, though less...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Descending Aorta
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Hypertensive Disease
Rats, Inbred SHR

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