Oct 1, 1986

Auranofin or D-penicillamine in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Annals of Internal Medicine
M C Hochberg

Abstract

Ninety patients were entered into a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial lasting 12 months to compare auranofin (6 mg/d), and D-penicillamine (250 mg/d for 4 weeks, 500 mg/d for 4 weeks, then 750 mg/d thereafter) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Most patients in both groups completed the trial with significant improvement in all quantitative measures of efficacy. Patients treated with D-penicillamine were more likely to have "important improvement" in physician global assessment, swollen joint count, and score and grip strength. The overall frequency of side effects was similar between the two groups; however, more patients were withdrawn for adverse effects from the D-penicillamine group, and proteinuria (greater than or equal to 2+) and thrombocytopenia (less than 100 000 mm3) occurred significantly more frequently with D-penicillamine than auranofin (p = 0.028). These results suggest that in the dosage regimen used, auranofin is safer than D-penicillamine but that D-penicillamine tends to show greater clinical effectiveness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Thrombocytopenia
Proteinuria
Joints
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Metalcaptase
Clinical Trials
Aurothioglucose, Sodium Salt, beta-D Isomer
Drug Toxicity
Incisors, Fused Mandibular
Gold

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