Autoantigenic epitopes of the B polypeptide of Sm small nuclear RNP particles. Identification of regions accessible only within the U1 small nuclear RNP

Arthritis and Rheumatism
Y OhosoneM Homma

Abstract

To analyze the autoantigenic epitopes of the Sm B polypeptide of the U1 small nuclear RNP (snRNP) using complementary DNA (cDNA) clones. Expression of Sm B fusion proteins in lambda phage vectors, immunoblots, immunoprecipitations, and affinity purification of antibodies. Immunoblots using antibodies affinity-purified from B fusion proteins demonstrated that there were cross-reactive epitopes between the B'/B and A polypeptides of the U1 snRNP. Immunoprecipitation assays suggested that there were at least 3 different autoantigenic epitopes on the B polypeptide that could be classified into 2 general groups based upon autoantibody reactivity. The first group of autoantibodies, which bound 2 separate autoantigenic epitopes (BU1-1, BU1-2), participated in immunoprecipitation of the U1 snRNP alone. The second group, which bound the third type of autoantigenic epitope (BSm-1), immunoprecipitated all the abundant Sm snRNPs. There is at least 1 region on the B proteins that is accessible to antibodies only within the structure of the U1 snRNP, as well as a region that is accessible on all Sm snRNPs. These data support the notion that the native U1 RNP, perhaps containing B proteins in a different conformation than those found on other...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Apr 24, 1999·European Journal of Biochemistry·D BahiaM Bach-Elias
Apr 1, 1995·Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism·C A von Mühlen, E M Tan
Oct 1, 1996·International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research·V TsikarisM Sakarellos-Daitsiotis

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