Apr 4, 2020

Hypoxia-related radiomics predict immunotherapy response: A multi-cohort study of NSCLC

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
I. TunaliMatthew B Schabath


Checkpoint blockade immunotherapy provides improved long-term survival in a subset of advanced stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, highly predictive biomarkers of immunotherapy response are unmet clinical need. In this study, we utilized pre-treatment clinical factors and quantitative image-based biomarkers (radiomics) to identify a parsimonious model that predicts survival outcomes among NSCLC patients treated with immunotherapy. The NSCLC patients treated with single or double agent immunotherapy were included in three different cohorts: Training (N = 180), test (N = 90) and validation (N = 62) cohorts. The models were created based on overall survival (OS) and were additionally assessed for progression-free survival (PFS). Including most predictive radiomic features and clinical covariates, Classification and Regression Tree analysis was applied to stratify patients into survival risk-groups in the training cohort. The risk groups were later generated in the test and validation cohorts. Four independent NSCLC cohorts (total N = 446) were utilized for further validation of the radiomic signature. The biological underpinnings of the most informative radiomics were assessed using gene expression data fro...Continue Reading

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