Oct 26, 2018

Automated feature selection of predictors in electronic medical records data

Jessica GronsbellTianxi Cai


The use of Electronic Health Records (EHR) for translational research can be challenging due to difficulty in extracting accurate disease phenotype data. Historically, EHR algorithms for annotating phenotypes have been either rule-based or trained with billing codes and gold standard labels curated via labor intensive medical chart review. These simplistic algorithms tend to have unpredictable portability across institutions and low accuracy for many disease phenotypes due to imprecise billing codes. Recently, more sophisticated machine learning algorithms have been developed to improve the robustness and accuracy of EHR phenotyping algorithms. These algorithms are typically trained via supervised learning, relating gold standard labels to a wide range of candidate features including billing codes, procedure codes, medication prescriptions and relevant clinical concepts extracted from narrative notes via Natural Language Processing (NLP). However, due to the time intensiveness of gold standard labeling, the size of the training set is often insufficient to build a generalizable algorithm with the large number of candidate features extracted from EHR. To reduce the number of candidate predictors and in turn improve model perform...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Electronic Health Records
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug Prescriptions
Translational Research
Health Care Systems
Prescription for Medical Equipment or Product
Regression Analysis

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