Automated identification of patients with a diagnosis of binge eating disorder from narrative electronic health records

Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
Brandon K BellowsScott L DuVall

Abstract

Binge eating disorder (BED) does not have an International Classification of Diseases, 9th or 10th edition code, but is included under 'eating disorder not otherwise specified' (EDNOS). This historical cohort study identified patients with clinician-diagnosed BED from electronic health records (EHR) in the Department of Veterans Affairs between 2000 and 2011 using natural language processing (NLP) and compared their characteristics to patients identified by EDNOS diagnosis codes. NLP identified 1487 BED patients with classification accuracy of 91.8% and sensitivity of 96.2% compared to human review. After applying study inclusion criteria, 525 patients had NLP-identified BED only, 1354 had EDNOS only, and 68 had both BED and EDNOS. Patient characteristics were similar between the groups. This is the first study to use NLP as a method to identify BED patients from EHR data and will allow further epidemiological study of patients with BED in systems with adequate clinical notes.

References

May 1, 1995·Annals of Internal Medicine·G HripcsakP D Clayton
Sep 18, 1997·Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA·W R Hogan, M M Wagner
Mar 31, 2000·Comprehensive Psychiatry·V RiccaC M Rotella
Apr 13, 2001·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·C Safran
Jun 28, 2003·BMJ : British Medical Journal·Julia Hippisley-CoxChristine Johnson
Oct 13, 2005·Psychological Medicine·Judit SimonStephen Pilling
Nov 1, 2005·Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research = Revista Brasileira De Pesquisas Médicas E Biológicas·L F FontenelleJ C Appolinario
Jul 4, 2006·Biological Psychiatry·James I HudsonRonald C Kessler
May 14, 2009·Journal of Biomedical Informatics·Henk HarkemaWendy W Chapman
Aug 9, 2011·The International Journal of Eating Disorders·John F DickersonRuth H Striegel-Moore
Jan 13, 2012·Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology·Alejandra LarrañagaRicardo V García-Mayor
Apr 17, 2012·The International Journal of Eating Disorders·Andreas BirgegårdDavid Clinton
May 31, 2012·Current Psychiatry Reports·Frédérique R E SminkHans W Hoek

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 20, 2014·Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy·Brandon K BellowsCarrie McAdam-Marx
Aug 1, 2019·Journal of the American Heart Association·Mina OwliaAdam P Bress
Jan 30, 2020·Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences·C-S WuS-H Wang
Jul 23, 2019·Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA·Evan T SholleThomas R Campion
Jun 21, 2020·Biomedical Engineering Online·Dominik SpinczykStella Maćkowska
Jun 4, 2021·Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior·Cynthia M BulikWilliam M Spalding
Oct 7, 2021·Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA·Braja G PatraJyotishman Pathak

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

The International Journal of Eating Disorders
K L Eldredge, W S Agras
The International Journal of Eating Disorders
Daniel le GrangeKathleen R Merikangas
International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
B OrbitelloMatteo Balestrieri
The International Journal of Eating Disorders
Pamela K KeelRoss D Crosby
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved